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Lifestyle Modifications to Reduce Incidence and Progression of Myopia: What Are They and How Do They Work?

Huy Tran

Huy Tran, MD

Pediatric Ophthalmologist, Myopia Control Clinic, Hai Yen Eye Care
PhD candidate, BHVI

Both the incidence and prevalence of myopia and high myopia are rising globally. Prevalence of myopia is already 80% – 90% for young adults aged 17 – 18 years in many East and Southeast Asian countries¹ but more importantly, myopia is beginning to be seen at earlier ages than before.

Myopia has been reported in children as young as 4 – 6 years of age resulting in more years spent in progression mode and therefore higher net myopia.

Thus it is crucial to prevent the onset of myopia and if not, to intervene at the earliest possible age to reduce the risk of progression.

As a pediatric ophthalmologist with an interest in myopia as well as being a father of two young children (2.5 yrs and 3 months respectively) in Vietnam, I am acutely aware of the need to actively monitor and manage the visual experience of young children to reduce the risk of onset and progression of myopia.

As a pediatric ophthalmologist with an interest in myopia as well as being a father of two young children (2.5 yrs and 3 months respectively) in Vietnam, I am acutely aware of the need to actively monitor and manage the visual experience of young children to reduce the risk of onset and progression of myopia.

So let us examine the evidence and consider the conditions and/or modifications that optimize visual health and reduce the risk of myopia.

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BHVI is a not-for-profit organisation innovating commercially relevant technologies through to feasibility. BHVI supports the ophthalmic sector with myopia education and tools.

Review of Myopia Management is a leading source of clinical, practice management and research information on myopia for eye care professionals.

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