Kate L. Gifford, BAppSc (Optom), PhD, IMI Committee Chair
Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, Australia
The future research directions of myopia interventions and treatments are discussed, along with the provision of clinical references, resources, and recommendations for continuing professional education in this growing area of clinical practice.
With the growing prevalence of myopia, already at epidemic levels in some countries, there is an urgent need for new management approaches.However, with the increasing number of research publications on the topic of myopia control, there is also a clear necessity for agreement and guidance on key issues, including on how myopia should be deﬁned and how interventions, validated by well-conducted clinical trials, should be appropriately and ethically applied. The International Myopia Institute (IMI) reports the critical review and synthesis of the research evidence to date, from animal models, genetics, clinical studies, and randomized controlled trials, by more than 85 multidisciplinary experts in the ﬁeld, as the basis for the recommendations contained therein.As background to the need for myopia control, the risk factors for myopia onset and progression are reviewed.The seven generated reports are summarized:
Keywords: myopia control, myopic progression, clinical guidelines, definition, interventions
Translated versions of IMI clinical summaries are available at myopiainstitute.org
The publication costs of the International Myopia Institute reports were supported by donations from BHVI, Carl Zeiss Vision, CooperVision, Essilor, Alcon, and Vision Impact Institute.
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