What Is Myopia?
Myopia is the single greatest threat to our children’s vision.
Myopia is an eye condition that results in poor vision in the distance. It is also known as near-sightedness because myopic people can still see things clearly that are close.
In myopic eyes, commonly, the length of the eyeball is longer than it should be, causing images of objects from distance to be focused in front of rather than on the light sensitive layer of the eye, also known as retina.
What causes myopia?
Both genetics and environmental factors play a role, however the significant increase in the number of myopic people in the recent years is attributed to environmental risk factors. Studies from across the world have indicated that less time outdoors and longer time on near based activities (for example reading or screen time) could play a role in the development of myopia.
How common is it?
On average, 30% of the world is currently myopic and based on current trends, it is estimated that by 2050, almost 50% will be myopic. That’s a staggering 5 billion people1.
What are the signs of myopia?
Does it progress?
How is it treated and can we slow progression?
Are there complications?
Can myopia be prevented?
References & Resources
Take Action Now!
We have a range of resources that you can use on our Global Myopia Centre.
From expanding your understanding of myopia, having informed discussions with your patients, and making a lot of noise on your channels, you can start stopping the trend right now!
There are simple strategies you can put in place to help prevent your child from developing myopia. From introducing device breaks and encouraging outside play time, you can improve the environmental factors that we know play a crucial role in the prevention or development of myopia.
As a vocal supporter, you can educate your friends and family about the risks of myopia, becoming an influential factor in the healthcare of your community.
- Holden BA, Fricke TR, Wilson DA, Jong M, Naidoo KS, Sankaridurg P, Wong TY, Naduvilath TJ, Resnikoff S (2016), Global Prevalence of Myopia and HIgh Myopia and Temporal Trends from 2000 through 2050, Ophthalmology, 123(5), 1036 – 1042.